The abbreviation TENS stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation or Transcutaneous Electrical Neurostimulation. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation is a non-invasive, drug free method to temporarily relieve pain associated with sore and aching muscles using low-frequency electrical current delivered through electrodes on the skin.
Traditional transcutaneous neurostimulation program:
- Gate control
A common transcutaneous neurostimulation program is performed with a high frequency stimulation. This stimulation is intended to block the transmission of the pain signal to the nervous system. By stimulating certain nerve fibers, stimulation immediately by-passes the pain message that is conveyed more slowly to the brain.
Generally, people use traditional transcutaneous neurostimulation for a session of about 30 minutes.
It is possible to use these programs for a variable period and frequency according to what you want.
It is normal to feel the effects of this program more intensely during the stimulation and to experience a decline after the end of the session.
To improve effectiveness, adjust the intensity of the program, avoiding any painful or unpleasant sensation.
- Burst transcutaneous neurostimulation
A burst program (Burst TENS) allows low frequency stimulation in the form of a series of impulses. It enables the release of endorphins.
It is possible to use the transcutaneous neurostimulation in bursts for 30 minutes.
The frequency can be up to several times per day: for example, 3 times.
For a sensation of strong stimulation, it is advisable to adjust the intensity of the burst program. An unpleasant sensation may then appear. You can also adjust the intensity of the program at a level leading to perceptible muscle contractions in the stimulation area. These contractions are not dangerous. However, if you experience discomfort, it is advisable to decrease the intensity of the program, change or move the electrodes.
The burst transcutaneous electrical neurostimulation (Burst TENS) can trigger a muscle contraction in the area of stimulation, so you should to perform this program at rest.
EMS: Electrical Muscular Stimulation or NMES: NeuroMuscular Electrical Stimulation
It emits impulses to trigger a muscle contraction.
They are especially used for strengthening the muscle mass.
Only perform the electrical muscle stimulation program on intact and healthy muscles.
Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) works by sending electronic pulses to the muscle needing treatment; this causes the muscle to exercise passively.